Meet the foreign


In the photo one of the meetings of the Club of Rome, 1972. In the same year, Dennis Meadows’s “The Limits to Growth” Project was the first report to the Rome Club.

Peccei Aurelio


The Italian economist, a prominent public figure, founder and first president of the Club of Rome, his name is primarily associated with the emergence and formation of global studies as a new area of interdisciplinary scientific knowledge, as well as the sphere of social practice and political activity aimed at overcoming the global problems of our time.

King Alexander


Scientist, statesman and public figure, co-founder of the Club of Rome, one of the authors of the concept of sustainable development. President of the Club of Rome in 1984–1985 He was educated in chemistry at the universities of London and Munich. In 1940, when there was a real threat of Nazi German occupation of Great Britain, King led a research group developing programs for British military intelligence.

Özbekhan Hassan


American scientist of Turkish descent, cybernetics, philosopher and planning specialist, professor emeritus of management at the University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of Business. Made an attempt to apply system theory to global problems. Ozbekhan is known as the co-founder and first director of the Club of Rome.

Brzezinski Zbigniew


American political scientist of Polish descent, sociologist, ideologist of American foreign policy and anti-communism, US statesman, author of the theory of technotronic society. This sociological theory proceeds from the fact that new technologies and electronics are a decisive factor in social progress, convergence of different systems and determine the entry of society into the technotronic era. According to this theory, the main social force is the technocrats, and ideology is losing its significance.

Odum Eugene 

(1913 – 2002) 

Famous American zoologist, one of the largest world-class ecologists, engaged in a comprehensive study of ecosystems and their dynamics in space and time, the authors of the classic textbook "Fundamentals of Ecology"

Servan-Schreiber Jean Jacques


French writer, publisher, politician and public figure, author of the best-selling book American Challenge, where he called on European countries to cooperate economically in the fight against the threat of American investment expansion.

Shuff Adam


Polish Marxist philosopher, official ideologist of the Polish United Workers' Party, one of the authors of the reports to the Roman club Microelectronics and Society: for joy or sorrow (1982).

Karl Jaspers


The greatest philosopher of the 20th century, one of the first theorists in the field of global studies, who in the middle of the 20th century. He asked himself questions about the “global world”, “global unity”, “united humanity”, “united destiny”, about “closure of the world”, introducing these and a number of other fundamental concepts into scientific circulation. He amazingly predicted the dynamics of the world’s changes on the path of globalization and can be considered one of the founders of modern globalism.

Sagan Carl Edward


American astronomer, astrophysicist and an outstanding popularizer of science. Sagan worked as a visiting scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology and contributed to the organization of the first mission to Venus from the Mariner series. It is Sagan who belongs to the idea of messages to extraterrestrial civilizations (aluminum and gold plates that were attached to space probes).

Sommerville John


American philosopher, scientist, public figure; worked tirelessly in the name of world peace, human dignity and the survival of the planet. A researcher of social philosophy and ethics, he worked tirelessly in the name of overcoming the Cold War and the dialogue of American and Soviet philosophers.

Kahn Herman


American futurist, concerned with modern prognostics, which closely correlates with globalistics. He gained fame after the publication in 1960 of his book On Thermonuclear War, which gave forecast scenarios if nuclear weapons of mass destruction were used in the next world war. In 1961 he founded and headed the Hudson Institute, one of the leading US forecasting centers. Kahn developed the idea of “technological optimism” as opposed to “environmental pessimism,” most clearly expressed later in the first reports of the Club of Rome.

Commoner Barry


American biologist, one of the founders and largest representatives of social ecology, an active fighter for the preservation of the environment and the prohibition of nuclear testing. In the late 1950s. He became widely known by writing several books on the dangers of nuclear testing for the Earth’s ecosystem.

Tinbergen Jan


The Dutch economist, who, together with Ragnar Frisch, became the first winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1969 "for the creation and application of dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes", the author of the third report to the Club of Rome "Review of the international order".

Spengler Oswald


The German philosopher, author of The Sunset of Europe, one of the founders of the philosophy of history and the philosophy of culture, whose ideas had a great influence on the formation of systemic thinking and holistic perception of the modern world.

Beck Ulrich


German sociologist, professor at the University of Munich and the London School of Economics, author of the concepts of "reflexive modernization" and "risk society". He was especially famous for his work on periodization of the modernity era and a comprehensive study of modern globalization. He is the founder of the Soziale Welt magazine. He sees the origins of globalization in the economic sphere and connects this phenomenon with the activities of transnational corporations and the formation of the global economy.

Forrester Jay


American scientist, professor at the University of Massachusetts (MIT), creator of system dynamics - the theoretical foundation of global modeling. In 1971, in his work World Dynamics, he proposed a preliminary, methodological model of the world. Experiments with this model allow us to conclude that extensive growth cannot continue indefinitely, because it has “physical limits”.

Pestel Edward


German scientist, statesman, political and public figure, one of the main founders of the Club of Rome in 1968. In 1972, together with J. Forrester and D. Meadows, he developed "World Models" at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as well as the world's first computer model imitating the dynamic systems of the population and the economy.

Kang Youwei

(1858 - 1927)

Chinese philosopher, adherent of Confucius. Kang considered Confucius the first and foremost political reformer and strived to revive Confucian ethics. Advancing world peace and the unity of the higher purposes of any action, Kang worked on the implementation of political and social reform, encouraged individuals and states to seek the destruction of suffering and foster in all people a sense of compassion. He agrees with the view that human nature is intrinsically kind and that the basis of morality is empathy for the suffering of others. This was openly expressed for the first time by Mencius and has been asserted since by many neo-Confucian thinkers.

Malthus Thomas Robert

(1766 – 1834) 

English economist, priest, population theorist, founder of the concept of Malthusianism. Malthus was characterized by an interest in various fields of scientific knowledge, but his studies of population problems, rents, profits, the “influence of reforms and revolutions” on morals, morality and religion, as well as his development of terminology and standards of political economy, were especially famous. He is considered the forerunner of such scientific disciplines as ecology, human geography, ethnology, population statistics, demography, sociology.

Huntington Samuel 


American political scientist, author of the concept of ethnocultural division of civilizations, according to which sociocultural differences between peoples are the main cause of international conflicts in the world after the Cold War.