BRZEZINSKI ZBIGNIEW

BRZEZINSKI, Zbigniew Kazimierz (b. March 28, 1928, Warsaw or Kharkov) – American political scientist of Polish origin; sociologist; ideologist of American foreign policy and anti-communism; us statesman; author of the theory of technotronic society. Currently adviser and board member of the Centre for Strategic and International Studies and Professor of American foreign policy at Paul Nitze School of Area and International Studies, Johns Hopkins University in Washington; member of the board of directors of the National Endowment for Democracy; member of the organization Freedom House; member of the Trilateral Commission; member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; co-chairman of the American Committee for Peace in Chechnya; member of the Council on Foreign Relations (cfr). In the 1960s Brzezinski held the position of adviser in the administrations of President Kennedy and President Johnson, where he took a hard line against the Soviet Union. He proposed to explain everything that happens in socialist countries from the standpoint of the concept of totalitarianism. At the end of Johnson’s term he was a foreign policy adviser to Vice President Hubert Humphrey and to his presidential campaign. He has been a consistent critic of the Nixon – Kissinger foreign policy. From 1977–81 Brzezinski served as national security adviser in the administration of President Carter. He was an active supporter of the cia program to engage the Soviet Union in a costly military conflict in Afghanistan. During the presidency of Bill Clinton, Brzezinski was the author of the concept of nato’s eastward expansion. In his most famous book, The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives, Brzezinski focuses on the geopolitical strategy of the United States relative to Eurasia. He believes that the supremacy of the Eurasian continent is actually worldwide delusion. Brzezinski also believes that in the coming decades no country in the world will be able to challenge us global domination. In 1960 Brzezinski developed the sociological theory of the technotronic society, in which new technologies and electronics are the decisive factor in social progress, and the convergence of different systems determines the entry of a society into the technotronic era. According to this theory, the main social force is technocrats, and ideology loses its importance.

Works: Game Plan: A Geostrategic Framework of Fighting between the us and the ussr (trans. from English) (Moscow: Progress, 1986); Large Failure: The Birth and Death of Communism in the Twentieth Century (trans. by L. Gershtein) (New York: Liberty, 1989); Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives (New York: Basic Books, 1997) (trans. by O. Uralskaya: Moscow: International Relations, 1998); The Choice: Global Domination or Global Leadership (trans. by E.A. Narochnitskaya and Yu. N. Kobyakova) (Moscow: International Relations, 2004); Another Chance. Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower (trans. By Yu.Firsov) (Moscow: International Relations, 2007).